初中宾语从句练习题-高中英语从句总复习 宾语从句

一 : 高中英语从句总复习 宾语从句

1. 定义:用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。

2. 构成:关联词+简单句。

3. 引导宾语从句的关联词有三类:

1)从属连词that.如:

He told us that he felt ill.他对我们说他感到不舒服。

I know he has returned.我知道他已经回来了。

注: that在引导宾语从句时也并不是任何情况下都可以省略。在以下情况下,that不能省略。

① Everybody could see what happened and that Tom wasfrightened.(and连接两个宾语从句,that宾语从句放在and的后面时,that不能省略。)

大家都会看出所发生的事情并知道Tom非常害怕。

② I know nothing about him except that he is from thesouth.(that引导的宾语从句作介词宾语时,that不能省略。)

对他我一无所知,只知道他是南方人。

③ That he ever said such a thing I simply don’tbelieve.(that从句位于句首时,that不可省略。)

我简直不相信他曾说过这样的话。

④ We decided,in view of his special circumstances,that we wouldadmit him for a probationary period.(主句谓语动词与that从句之间有插

入语,that不可省略。)

鉴于他的特殊情况,我们决定应允他一段试用期。

2)从属连词if/whether.如:

I doubt whether he will succeed.我怀疑他是否会成功。

I don’t know if you can help me.我不知道你能否帮助我。

3)连接代词who,whom,whose,what,which,whoever,whatever,whichever

连接副词 where,when,how,why.

如:

Who or what he was,Martin never learned.

他是什么人?他是干什么的?马丁根本不知道。

I wonder what he’s writing to me about.我不知道他要给我写信说什么事。

I’ll tell you why I asked you to come.我会告诉你我为什么要你来。

You may do what you will.你可做任何你想做的事。

(1)介词宾语从句

宾语从句也可用作介词的宾语。如:

He was deeply displeased by what had occurred that day.

他对那天发生的事感到很不快。

I walked over to where she sat.我走向她坐的地方。

I am curious as to what he will say.我很想知道他要说什么。

Your success will largely depend upon what you do and how you doit.

你是否成功将主要取决于你做什么和怎样做。

有时介词可以省略。如:

I don’t care (for)who marries him.我不管谁跟他结婚。

Be careful (as to)how you do that.你要注意做这件事的方式。

解释:

1.如果宾语从句后还有宾语补足语,则用it作形式宾语,而将宾语从句后置。如:

We thought it strange that Xiao Wang did notcome yesterday.

我们认为小王昨天没来是奇怪的。

He has made it clear that he will not givein.

他已表明他不会屈服。

2.作介词的宾语:连词that引导的名词性从句很少作介词的宾语,只用在except,but,in后。其他一些介词的宾语从句如果由连词that引导,则需用it先行一步,作形式宾语。如:

He is a good student except that he iscareless.

他是一个好学生,只是有点粗心。

You may rely on it that I shall helpyou.你可以指望我会帮助你的。

介词宾语不可以用which来引导,而要用what来引导。如:

Are you sorry for what you’ve done?

你为你所做的一切感到内疚吗?

3.某些形容词或过去分词后常接宾语从句,这类形容词或过去分词有sure,glad,certain,pleased,happy,afraid,surprised,satisfied等,连词that可省略。如:

I am not sure what I ought to do.

我不能确定我该做什么。

I’m afraid you don’t understand what Isaid.

恐怕你没领会我说的意思。

I’m surprised that I didn’t see all thatbefore.

我好奇怪,我以前没看到过。

Mother was very pleased her daughter had passedthe exams.

妈妈为她的女儿通过了考试而感到高兴。

4.连词whether (…or not)或if引导的宾语从句

if和whether引导的宾语从句可以互换使用,但whether常和ornot连用,if一般不与or not连用。如:

I wonder whether it is true ornot.我不知它是真是假。

用if引导宾语从句如果会引起歧义,应避免使用if而用wheter.试比较:

Please let me know if you want to go.

Please let me know whether you want togo.

if从句可理解为宾语从句,意为“请告诉我你是否想去”;此句又可理解为条件状语从句意为“如果你想去的话,请告诉我一声”。

5.宾语从句的否定转移。在think,believe,suppose,expect等动词后的宾语从句,有时谓语尽管是否定意思,却不用否定形式,而将think等动词变为否定形式。如:

I don’t think you are right.我认为你错了。

I don’t believe they have finished their workyet.我相信他们还未完成他们的工作。

I don’t suppose he cares,does he?我想他不在意,是吗?

6.宾语从句的时态变化规律:

(1)当主句是一般现在时态时,从句可根据需要用任何时态。

(2)当主句是一般过去时态时,从句只能使用过去范围内的任何时态。但客观真理除外。如:

The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.

老师说地球绕着太阳运行。

二 : 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

羊祜学校 孟琪

学习目标
什么是宾语从句
宾语从句的连接词 宾语从句的语序 宾语从句的时态

什么是宾语
宾语是动作、行为的对象,是动作的承受者。 宾语由名词、代词、不定式或相当于名词的词、短语 来担任。

I like my teacher.(名词作宾语) I enjoy playing basketball.(动名词作宾语) I decide to study hard.(不定式作宾语) I know him .(代词作宾语)

一. 什么 是宾语从句?
我们 知道 姚明 We know Yao Ming. 主s 谓v 宾o
我们 知道
We know

他是一个著名的篮球运动员 that he is a famous basketball player
主s
谓v 宾o

主s

谓v
连接词

宾o

宾语从句就是由一个句子来构成主句的 宾语,并有一个连接词引导。

哪些句子可以做宾语?
1. 陈述句 he is a famous basketball player 2. 一般疑问句 will our teachers attend the meeting ? 3. 特殊疑问句which coat did you prefer?

一、连词(引导词)

1. 当宾语从句是陈述句时(包括肯定句和否定句),
连词由 that 引导,因为 that在从句中不作任何成分,也 没有任何具体意思,因此在口语或非正式文体中常省略 ?Lin Tao feels (that) his own team is even better. ?She says (that) she won ’t take part in the sports meeting next Sunday. ?Jim thought (that) the train was like a big moving party.

在主句为动词be加某些形容词(如sorry, sure, afraid, glad 等)作表语时,后面所跟的省略 that的从句也可算是宾语从句

?I’m sorry (that) I don’t know .
?We’re sure (that) our team will win .

?I’m afraid (that) he won’t pass the exam
.

he will be back in an hour ? I hear (that) _______________________.

(一小时后他会回来) ? He said (that) ______________________. he missed us very much
(他非常想念我们)

? The teacher told us (that) ___________________________. the earth moves around the sun
(地球围着太阳转)

练一练
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1. I know … (that) 2. She says … 3. Tell your friend …
1.This is a book. 2.You like singing. 3.He worked last night. 4.They will go home. 5.Jim has been to Beijing. 6.She sings well.

一般疑问句做宾语
我问他是否想去游泳
I ask
Does he want to go swim?

1, 改为陈述句语气, 2,用if/whether连接

I ask

If/whether

he wants to go swim

(一)宾语从句的语序
句子的两种语序: 1.陈述句结构叫陈述语序
There is a shop near here.

2 疑问句结构叫疑问语序
Is there a shop near here?

宾语从句必须用 陈述语序 ________

练习:将下列句子改成陈述句语序: 1.Is there a bank near here?
There is a bank near here

2.Is it on Fifth Avenue? It is on Fifth Avenue 3.Are they doing homework? They are doing homework

4.Does she work in a hospital? She works in a hospital 5.Did you go to Center Park? You went to Center Park 6.Do we have to wear

a uniform? We have to wear a uniform 7.Can we wear hats in school? We can wear hats in school

由if或whether引导的宾语从句。 If和whether在句中的意思是“是否”。 例如: ? I want to know if (whether) he lives there. ? He asked me whether (if) I could help him.

注意一下情况只用whether,不用if。
1. whether引导的从句常可以与or not直接连用。 如: Let me know whether you can come or not.

2. 当宾语从句提到句首时,只能用whether引导。如: Whether it is true or not, I can ’t tell.

? 3. whether可以引导带to的不定式。
– I don’t know whether to accept or refuse.

? 4. whether及其引导的成分可放于介词之后,作 介词的宾语。
– I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.

Exercise
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know … 3.The teacher asks …
1.Is he reading ? 2.Do you get up at six? 3.Does Tom work hard? 4.Did you watch TV ? 5.Will they read books ? 6.Can you sing ?

if/whether

特殊疑问句做宾语

我想知道你最喜欢那一条领带?

特殊疑问句做宾语
我想知道 你最喜欢哪一条领带?

I wonder

Which tie do you like best
特殊疑问句变成 陈述语序

连接词就是疑问词本身

I wonder which tie you like best?

用疑问引导,改为陈述语气。

8.Where’s your pen pal from? Where your pen pal is from 9. Where does he live? Where he lives 10.What language does she speak? What language she speaks 11.Why do you like pandas? Why you like pandas

comes from?(he,come) ? Do you know where he _____ is the way to the park? ? Can you tell me which_________ ( be, way)

Exercise
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know … 3. Can you tell me …

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

What is this ? What are you doing ? Where do you live ? When does he get up ? How did you go to work? Who will you play with?

四.宾语从句中时态的变化

1.Jim ____ was (be) a worker two years ago. 2.Jim ____ (be) an English teacher now. is

I hear 3.Jim _____ will cook( cook ) dinner tomorrow . that singing ( sing )a popular song now. 4.Jim is ____
been ( be ) to the Great Wall twice . 5.Jim has ____ playing( play ) basketball when his 6.Jim was ____

father came back.
learned ( learn )1000 Chinese words 7.Jim had ____

by the end of last semester.

1.当主句是一般现在时,宾语从句的时态不作限制, 我们可以根据句子的需要使用任何一种时态。 (需要性原则)

辨一辨

1) He will go to Hong Kong . 2) He is sick. 3) He is reading a book . 4) He has finished his work. 1) He would go to Hong Kong .

He said

2) He was sick. 3) He was reading a book . 4) He had finished his work.

2.当主句是一般过去时的时候,宾语从句必须运用相 应的过去的某一种时态,从而达到主句和从句的相互 一致。(呼应性原则)

确定从句的时态(根据主句时态)

主句时态 从 句 时 连 接 前 时态保持不变 态 连 接 后

一般现在时

一般现在时 一般过去时
一般过去时 一般将来时 现在进行时

一般过去时 过去完成时
过去将来时 过去进行时 过去完成时

现在完成时

He told me (that) summer is after spring . I was told (that) the sun is much bigger than the moon.

My parents told me (that) no news is good news.

3.当宾语从句说明的是客观存在的事实或者是客观存
在的真理时,就不用受到主句时态的限制,仍是用一般 现在时态。(特殊性原则)

.Find out the mistakes and correct them

? Could you tell me where do they live? ? She knew that Danny is a student. was ? He told me that winter was colder than autumn. is ? Do you know who car it is? whose

Summary
that(陈述句 )

宾 语 从 句 三 要 素

引导词 if/whether(一般疑问句 ) 特殊疑问词(特殊疑问句)
主句为一般现在时从句可为任何时态 一般过去时 过去将来时 主句为一般过去时 从句 过去进行时 客观真理 自然现象 过去完成时
公式定理 名言警句 一般现在时

时态

语序 宾语从句的语序都为陈述句语序

巩固练习:
I.从下列A、B、C、D中选择一个正确选项填空。

1.Do you know __________________? C

A. where does she live
C. where she lives

B. she lives where
D. where she live

B 2. His parents wanted to know what he ______at that time.
A. is doing C. has done B. was doing D. will do

3.—We don’t know ______. C -- It is said that he was born in Canada. A. what he is B. when he was born C. where he comes from D. if he lives here 4.Lily’s mother looked for her for half an hour, but could not find ________? C A. what Lily was C. where Lily was B. what was Lily D. where was Lily

5 The girls asked if they ____ A some food and drink with them.

A. took C. takes

B. take D. will take

6 Linda said the moon___ C round the earth. A. travelled C. travels B. has travelled D. had travelled

A ________ he will come 7. Could you please tell me here tomorrow? A. if B. weather C. what D. which
8. Could you tell me ___? C
A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing C. when they will leave Beijing

D. when did they leave Beijing

II.改错: 1.Miss Zhang asked me why was I late for school. Miss Zhang asked me why I was late for school. __________________________________________ 2.Father told me the sun always rose in the east. Father told me the sun always rises in the east. __________________________________________ 3.He doesn’t know that when she can come back.

He doesn’t know when she can come back. __________________________________________

Ⅲ.完成句子。
will be back 1. I hear (that) he ______________ in an hour. ( 我听说他一小时后回来。) missed us 2. He said (that) he ______________ very much. (他说他非常想念我们。) /whether he can come 3. Ask him if _

___________________. (问问他是否能来。) where he is 4. Can you tell me ____________________. (你能告诉我他在哪儿吗?)

宾 语 从 句 小 结
.结构 1. 当陈述句作宾语从句时, 结构:主句+that + 主语 +谓 语部分 2. 当一般疑问句作宾语从句时,结构:主句+ if(whether) +主语 +谓语部分 3.当 特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,结构:主句+特殊疑问 词+主语 +谓语部分


语序 宾语从句的语序都为陈述句语序

确定从句的时态(根据主句时态) 主句时态 从 句 时 连 接 前 时态保持不变 态 连 接 后

一般现在时

一般现在时 一般过去时
一般过去时 一般将来时 现在进行时

一般过去时 过去完成时
过去将来时 过去进行时 过去完成时

现在完成时


三 : 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

宾语从句讲解ppt 初中英语宾语从句讲解练习

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