宾语从句-宾语从句(经典)

一 : 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

宾语从句 宾语从句(经典)

二 : 宾语从句PPT_

宾语从句

什么是宾语从句
宾语从句的连接词 宾语从句的语序 宾语从句的时态

什么是宾语
宾语是动作、行为的对象,是动作的承受者。 宾语由名词、代词、不定式 或相当于名词的词、短语来担任。

I like my teacher.(名词作宾语) I enjoy playing basketball.(动名词作宾语) I decide to study hard.(不定式作宾语) I know him .(代词作宾语)



什么 是宾语从句?
我们 知道 姚明 We know Yao Ming. 主s 谓v
我们 知道
We know

试比较

宾o
他是一个著名的篮球运动员 that he is a famous basketball player
主s 谓v 宾o

主s

谓v
连接词

宾o

宾语从句就是由一个句子来构成主句的 宾语,并有一个连接词引导。

有哪些句子可以做宾语?
? ?

?

1,陈述句,he is a famous basketball player 2, 一般疑问句, Will our teachers attend the meeting ? 3, 特殊疑问句,which coat did you prefer?

一、连词(引导词) 1. 当宾语从句是陈述句时(包括肯定句和否定

句),连词由that引导,因为that在从句中不作
任何成分,也没有任何具体意思,因此在口语 或非正式文体中常省略
?Lin Tao feels (that) his own team is even better. ?She says (that) she won’t take part in the sports meeting

next Sunday.
?Jim thought (that) the train was like a big moving party. ?He said (that) he would like to see the headmaster.

在主句为动词 be 加某些形容词(如 sorry,

sure, afraid, glad等)作表语时,后面所跟
的省略that的从句也可算是宾语从句

?I’m sorry (that) I don’t know .
?We’re sure (that) our team will win .

?I’m afraid (that) he won’t pass the exam .

e.g.

he will be back in an hour 1. I hear (that) _______________________. (一小时后他会回来)
he missed us very much 2. He said (that) ______________________. (他非常想念我们) 3. The teacher told us (that) the earth moves around the sun ___________________________. (地球围着太 阳转)

练一练
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1. I know … 2. She says … 3. Tell your friend …

(that)
1.This is a book. 2.You like singing. 3.He worked last night. 4.They will go home. 5.Jim has been to Beijing. 6.She sings well.

一般疑问句做宾语
我问他是否想去游泳
I ask
Does he want to go swim?

1, 改为陈述句语气, 2,用if/whether连接

I ask

If/whether

he wants to go swim

(一)宾语从句的语序
句子的两种语序: 1.陈述句结构叫陈述语序
There is a shop near here.

2 疑问句结构叫疑问语序
Is there a shop near here?

宾语从句必须用 陈述语序 ________

练习:将下列句子改成陈述句语序: 1.Is there a bank near here?
There isFifth a bank near here 2.Is it on Avenue?

3.Are doing homework? It is they on Fifth Avenue They are doing homework

4.Does she work in a hospital? she works in a hospit

al 5.Did you go to Center Park? you went to Center Park 6.Do we have to wear a uniform? we have to wear a uniform 7.Can we wear hats in school? we can wear hats in school

由if或whether引导的宾语从句。If和whether在 句中的意思是“是否”。例如: ? I want to know if (whether) he lives there. ? He asked me whether (if) I could help him.

注意一下情况只用whether,不用if。
1. whether引导的从句常可以与连词or或or not直接连 用。如: Let me know whether you can come or not. Let me know if you can come or not. 2. 当宾语从句提到句首时,只能用whether引导。如: Whether it is true or not, I can’t tell. If it is true or not, I can’t tell.

?

3. whether可以引导带to的不定式。如:
?

?

I don’t know whether to accept or refuse. I don’t know if to accept or refuse.

?

4. whether及其引导的成分可放于介词 之后,作介词的宾语。如:
?

?

I worry about whether I hurt her feelings. I worry about if I hurt her feelings.

练一练
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know … 3.The teacher asks ?
1.Is he reading ? 2.Do you get up at six? 3.Does Tom work hard? 4.Did you watch TV ? 5.Will they read books ? 6.Can you sing ?

if/whether

特殊疑问句做宾语

我想知道你最喜欢那一条领带?

特殊疑问句做宾语
我想知道你最喜欢哪一条领带?

I wonder

Which tie do you like best

特殊疑问句变成 陈述语序

连接词就是疑问词本身

I wonder

which tie you like best?

8.Where’s your pen pal from? Where your pen pal is from 9. Where does he live? Where he lives 10.What language does she speak? What language she speaks 11.Why do you like pandas?

Why you like pandas

?

comes from?(he,come) Do you know where he _____ Is the way Can you tell me which_________to the park? ( be way)

?

练一练
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know … 3. Can you tell me …
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6.

What is this ? What are you doing ? Where do you live ? When does he get up ? How did you go to work? Who will you play with?

四.宾语从句中时态的变化
填一填
Jim was ( be ) a worker two years ago. Jim is ( be ) an English teacher now . Jim will cook ( cook ) dinner tomorrow . Jim is singing ( sing )a popular song now. Jim has been ( be ) to the Great Wall twice . Jim was playing ( play ) basketball when his father came back. Jim had learned ( learn )1000 Chinese words by the end of last semester.

I hear (that)

1.当主句是一般现在时,宾语从句的时态不作限制, 我们可以根据句子的需要使用任何一种时态。 (需要性原则)

辨一辨
1) He will go to Hong Kong . 2) He is sick. 3) He is reading a book . 4) He has finished his work. 1) He would go to Hong Kong . 2) He was sick. He said 3) He was reading a book . 4) He had finished his work.

2.当主句是一般过去

时的时候,宾语从句必须运用相 应的过去的某一种时态,从而达到主句和从句的相互 一致。(呼应性原则)

确定从句的时态(根据主句时态)
主句时态
一般现在时 从 句 时 态 连 接 前 连 接 后 时态保持不变 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般过去时 过去完成时 过去将来时 过去进行时 过去完成时

一般过去时

一般将来时 现在进行时 现在完成时

ATTENTION
He told me (that) Summer is after Spring . I was told (that) the sun ismuch bigger than the moon.

My parents told me (that) no news isgood news.

3.当宾语从句说明的是客观存在的事实或者是客观存
在的真理时,就不用受到主句时态的限制,仍是用一般 现在时态。(特殊性原则)

找错误
Ⅰ.Find out the mistakes and correct them.
1 Could you tell me where do they live? 2 She knew that Danny is a student. was 3 He told me that winter was colder than autumn. is 4 Do you know who car it is? whose

七.本课小结
that(陈述句 )

宾 语 从 句 三 要 素

引导词 if/whether(一般疑问句 )
特殊疑问词(特殊疑问句)

时态

主句为一般现在时从句可为任何时态 一般过去时 过去将来时 主句为一般过去时 从句 过去进行时 过去完成时 客观真理 自然现象
公式定理 名言警句 时态不变

语序 宾语从句的语序都为陈述句语序

巩固练习:
I.从下列A、B、C、D中选择一个正确选项填空。

1.Do you know __________________? C

A. where does she live
C. where she lives

B. she lives where
D. where she live

2. His parents wanted to know what he ______at B that time. A. is doing C. has done B. was doing D. will do

3.—We don’t know ______. C -- It is said that he was born in Canada. A. what he is B. when he was born C. where he comes from D. if he lives here
4.Lily’s mother looked for her for half an hour, but could not find ________? C A. what Lily was B. what was Lily

C. where Lily was

D. where was Lily

A some food and 5 The girls asked if they ____ drink with them.
A. took C. takes B. take D. will take
6 Linda said the moon___ C round the earth. A. travelled C. travels B. has travelled D. had travelled

?

? ?

A 7. Could you please tell me ________ he will come here tomorrow? A. if B. weather C. what D. which
8. Could you tell me ___? C A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing C. when they will leave Beijing
D. when did they leave Beijing

II.改错: 1.Miss Zhang asked me why was I late for school.
Miss Zhang asked me why I was late for school. __________________________________________ 2.Father told me the sun always rose in the east. Father told me the sun always rises in the east. __________________________________________ 3.He doesn’t know that when she can come back. He doesn’t know when she can come back. __________________________________________

Ⅲ.完成句子。 Will be back 1.

I hear (that) he ______________ in an hour. ( 我听说他一小时后回来。) missed us 2. He said (that) he ______________ very much. (他说他非常想念我们。) /whether he can come 3. Ask him If ____________________. (问问他是否能来。) where he is 4. Can you tell me ____________________. (你能告诉我他在哪儿吗?)

宾 语 从 句 小 结
一.结构
1. 当陈述句作宾语从句时, 结构:主句+that + 主语 +谓语部分 2. 当一般疑问句作宾语从句时,结构:主句+ if(whether) +主语 +谓语部分 3.当 特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,结构:主句+特殊疑问词+主语 +谓语部分

二.主从时态关系
主句 1.一般现在时 从句

时态不变 时态相应变化 一般现在时
(客观、自然现象)

2. 一般过去时
3.(特殊):任何时态

三.语序:陈述语序


三 : 宾语从句_ppt

宾 语 从 句
The Object Clause

1. I
主语

know him . (简单句)
谓语 宾语

2. I
主语 主

know who
谓语 句

he

is . (复合句)

连词 从句主语 从句谓语 宾语从句

宾语从句的概念:

在复合句中放在动词或介词后充当 宾语的句子叫宾语从句
句子结构: 主句 +连词(引导词)+ 宾语从句

宾语从句三要素:
一、引导词
二、语序:陈述语序(主语+谓语) 三 、时态 四、if,when引导宾语从句和状语从句的区别 五、宾语从句的反意疑问句 六、否定转移

一、引导词 that 从句是陈述句 (口语中常省略) if/whether(是否)从句是一般疑问句 wh/how(即特殊疑问词)从句是特殊疑问句 We know (that)we should learn from each other. Please tell me if/whether you have been to America. Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? 引导词是从句的一个成份,所以用哪个引导 词,看从句成份 是否完整,不完整,一定是特殊疑问句。完整,判断主句语 气,是疑问语气,用if/whether; 是肯定语气,用that.

一、连词(引导词) 1. 当宾语从句是陈述句时(包括肯定句和否定

句),连词由that引导,因为that在从句中不作
任何成分,也没有任何具体意思,因此在口语 或非正式文体中常省略
?Lin Tao feels (that) his own team is even better. ?She says (that) she won’t take part in the sports meeting

next Sunday.
?Jim thought (that) the train was like a big moving party. ?He said (that) he would like to see the headmaster.

在主句为动词 be 加某些形容词(如 sorry,

sure, afraid, glad等)作表语时,后面所跟
的省略that的从句也可算是宾语从句

?I’m sorry (that) I don’t know .
?We’re sure (that) our team will win .

?I’m afraid (that) he won’t pass the exam .

注:that 在句中无词汇意义,在从句中不能充当成分,
在口语当中往往省略

e.g.
he will be back in an hour (一小时后他会回来) 1. I hear (that) _______________________. he missed us very much 2. He said (that) ______________________. (他非常想念我们) the earth moves around the sun 3. The teacher told us (that) ___________________________.
(地球围着太阳转)

2. 当宾语从句是一般疑问句时,由连词whether
或if引导(口语中常用if),因为if/whether翻 译成:“是否”,具有一定的意义,所以不 能省略 ?Lily wanted to know if /whether her grandma liked the handbag . ?Let’s see if /whether we can find out some

information about that city .
?She asked me if /whether she could borrow these books .

If/whether(是否)的区别
一般情况下,if 和whether可以互换,但以下4种情况只能用 whether: ①在不定式前:Whether to go there or not hasn’t been decided. ②在介词后:It depends on(依靠) whether it is going to rain. ③与or not连用:They are

talking about whether to go there or not. ④做主语从句:Whether he is right isn’t important.

3. 当 宾 语 从 句 是 特 殊 疑 问 句 时 , 由 连 接 代 词 (what, who, whom, which, whose)或连接副词 (when, where, how, why)引导,因为连接代词 或连接副词在从句中担任一定的句子成分,具 有一定的意义,所以不可以省略

?Do you know what he said just now ? ? I don’t remember when we arrived . ? I asked him where I could get so much money . ? Please tell me who (whom) we have to see . ? Do you know what time the plane leaves ?

由连接代词what, whom, whose, which, what及连接 副词 when, where, how, why引导的宾语从句
who could answer the question (谁能回答这个问题) 1. He asked __________________________. whom they are waiting for (他们在等谁) 2. Do you know_________________________.
whose handwriting was the best in the class 3. He asked __________________________________.
(谁的书法是班上最好的)

when we’ll have a meeting 4.Please tell me _______________________. (我们什么时候开会) where he is 5. Can you tell me _______________. (他在哪儿) how I can get to the station (我该怎么去车站) 6. Could you tell me ______________________. 7. Would you tell me _________________ (为什么火车迟到了) why the train is late

带how的词组也都可以引导宾语从句
?Could you tell us how much it costs to fly to Hainan ? ?Could you tell us how often you go abroad for a holiday ? ?Could you tell us how long the meeting will last ? ?I don’t know how far it is to the cinema . ?Please tell us how many students there are in your school ? ?Can you tell us how old his brother is ? ?Please tell us how soon you will be ready .

1. The young man asked _____ D it's summer or winter. A. either B. that C. weather D. whether

A they did it . 2. We don't know ______ A. how B. who C. what D. which B Jim can come back on 3. The teacher asks us ____ time . A. that B. if C. when D. what time
C we will have a sports 4. Does anybody know ______ meeting this weekend or not . A. if B. where C. whether D. that

5. I wonder _______ B he is crying now .

A. that

B. why

C. how

D. when

6. Have you found out ______ A we can do on Hainan Island ? A. what B. how C. if D. whether 7. Lily said _______ B she had finished her composition . A. if B. that C. when D. where 8. I don’t know ______ D he still lives here . A. where B. what C. when D. whether

二、时态
1. 如果主句是现在的时态 , 或祈使句 (包括一般 现在时 ,现在进行时,现在完成时),从句的时 态可根据实际情况而定,(包括一般现在时,一般

过去时,一般将来时,现在完成时等)
?I know he lives here .

?I know he lived here ten years ago .
?I have heard that he will come tomorrow .

2.如果主句是过去的时态(包括一般过去时,过 去进行时

),那么从句的时态一定要用相对应

的过去的某种时态(包括一般过去时,过去进
行时,过去将来时, 过去完成时)

?I knew who lived here.
?I saw she was talking with her mother. ?He asked whether his father would come back

tomorrow.
?He said that he had seen it .

3.当从句是客观真理,定义,公理,定理 时用一般现在时。 ?The teacher said that the earth travels around the sun .

wrote the letter. 1. I didn’t know what time he _______

(write)
moves 2. Miss Wang told me that the earth ______(move)

round the sun.
has taken away the book 3. Could you tell me who _________

already? (take)

4. Ling Feng told me he _________ had been to Shanghai several times. (be)
rises

5. Our teacher told us in class the sun _______ in the

east. (rise)

did

6. Can you tell me what they ______ yesterday? (do)

三、语序
宾语从句的语序用陈述语序:

连接词+主语+谓语+其他成分
例如:Where does he live? I don’t know. = I don’t know where he lives.

1. When will he go to the library?

?His brother asks when he will go to the library .

?His brother asks when will he go to the library .
2. What does he want to buy ?

? I don’t know what he wants to buy . ? I don’t know what does he want to buy .
3. Who are we going to meet ?

? Can you tell me who we are going to meet ? ? Can you tell me who are we going to meet ?

4. Does he know French ?

? We want to know if/whether he knows French . ? We want to know if/whether does he know French.
5. Will they go to Canada in summer ?

? They’ re not sure if /whether they will go to
Canada in summer .

? They’ re not sure if /whether will they go to
Canada in summer .

1. Did the students have a picnic last Sunday ? Do you know ?

Do you know if/whether the students had a picnic last Sunday ?

2. Mr. Smith have been in China for about three years . Jim told Lin Tao . Jim told Lin Tao (that) Mr Smith had been in China for about three years .

3. Which book should I read first ?
Please tell me .

Please tell me which book I should read first .
4. Light travels faster than sound . Our teacher told us in yesterday’s class .

Our teacher told us (that) light travels faster than sound in yesterday’s class .

注意事项
1.could / would是委婉语气,而不是过去式, 因此宾语从句的时态根据实际情况用不同 时态。
?Could you please tell me where we show our tickets ?

?Could you tell us which gate we have to go to ?
?Would you like to know when he will come back ?

2. 如果主句的谓语动词是ask时,连词不可能 是 that ;如果主句的谓语动词是 say 时,连 词用that ?She says (that) she will leave a message on his desk . ?He said (that) he was going to take care of the child . ?He asks if I like playing the piano . ?You may ask the man over there how you can get to the bus station .

3. 如果从句中含有or或or not时,

只能

用whether而不用if
?Could you tell me whether that’s a fast
train or not ?

?Do you know whether he is right or not ?
?I don’t care whether he’ll stay here or not .

4.否定的转移
? 当主句的谓语主语是第一人称,谓语动词是

?
? ?

?

think, believe, guess, suppose等词 时, 其后面的宾语从句的否定应转移到主句上。 I don't think he is right. 附加疑问句(反意疑问句) 1.当主句主语为I(我),主句动词为 suppose,believe,think等,则根据从句判 断,但肯、否定形式根据主句判断: I don’t think he is serious,_________?

5.标点符号的确定
? 带有宾语从句的主从复合句的标点符号取决

于主句。 ? 主句是 ? 陈述句: 。 He asked me where I went just now. ? 问句: ? Do you know when he’ll be back?

D ? 1. Could you show me ________ A. how can I get to the station B. where is the station C. how I could get to the station D. how I can reach the station 2. Please tell me _______. C A. what does he like B. what he does like C. what he likes D. what he like 3. My sister told him ________ B . A. what day was it B. when the train arrived C. who she was waiting D. where did you live

4. Could you tell me where we _______ D next week . A. would go B. to go C. had to go D. will go 5. Could you tell me how much ________to fly to D Hainan ? A.do it cost B.does it cost C.it cost D.it costs B 6. The small children don't know ______. A.what is their stockings in B.what is in their stockings C.where is their stockings in D.what in their stockings

D . 7. Someone is ringing the doorbell . Go and see _______
A. who is he C. who is it B. who he is D. who it is

B ? 8. Could you tell me how long __________
A. you have bought the watch B. you have kept this science book C. have you been away from China D. have you been a member of Greener China

将下列句子合并为一句:
1. Where do they stop on the way? I asked. I asked where they stopped on the way.

2. What will you speak at the meeting? Could you tell me?
Could you tell me what you will speak at the meeting?

3. Do they like to make friends with us? He asked.
He asked if they liked to make friends with them.

4. “ I am doing my homework.” He said.
He said that he was doing his homework.

5. “I will come back.” Tom said.
Tom said that he would come back.

6. “Is he doing his homework?” Jim asked.
Jim asked if he was doing his homework.

? 中考典型例题解析
【例1】 When I went to have the bill,I realized I had B my wallet at home.[2006 A.forgotten B.left C.had D.taken

C 【例2】 Could you tell me _________? [2003 A.when will Tom come back B.when does Tom come back C.when Tom will come back D.when Tom comes back B 【例3】 —Do you know _________ I could pass the exam? —Sorry,I've no idea. A.that B.whether C.what D.which 【例4】 Do you know _________ during the coming C summer holiday?[2003 A.what will Tom do B.

what did Tom do C.what Tom will do D.what Tom did

【例5】 —Do you know _________? [2003 C —Next year. A.when he come B.when did he come C.when he will come D.when will he come
【例6】 Could you tell us _________? [2003 A A.when you will send the fridge to our house B.when will you send the fridge to our house C.when you would send the fridge to our house D.when would you send the fridge to our house 【例7】 Mr King didn't know _________ yesterday D evening.[2003 A.when does his son come home B.when his son comes home C.when did his son come home D.when his son came home

? 课时训练
Ⅰ. (B) 1.Do you remember _________ last time? A.what is your teacher saying B.what your teacher said C.what did your teacher say D.what your teacher says
2.He didn't tell me _________. A.how old he was B.how old was he C.he was how old D.how much did it cost

(A)

(A) 3.Excuse me,could you tell me _________? A.what's wrong with him B.what wrong is with him C.what was wrong with him D.what wrong was with him

(C) 4.Excuse me,can you tell me _________? A.does the train leave B.the train had left C.the train leaves D.did the train leave (D) 5.I wonder _________. A.where have you gone C.where have you been (D)
B.where you have gone D.where you have been

6.He wants to know _________ America. A.when will Mr.Li leave for B.when will Mr.Wang stay in C.why will Mr.Wang stay in D.when Mr.Wang will leave for

(B) 7.I want to know if _________ a meeting tomorrow. A.you have B.you will have C.do you have D.will you have

(D) 8.I'd like to know _________. A.when will he give back the tape B.whether has he received higher education C.that he has been busy D.whether she will join in our English Evening (A) to his birthday party 9.He asked me whether I _________ if I _________ time. A.was going,had B.would go ,would have C.was going,was going to have D.will go,have (D) to visit that famous museum the 10.He said he _________ next week.
A.will go B.should go C.were going D.would go 11.He asked _______ (D) they could go to Beijing or Nanjing. A.how B.what C.if D.whether

? 课时训练
Ⅱ.句型转换 (1)He taught me how to surf. He taught me how ____ ______surf. I could (2)The foreigners want to know how they can learn Chinese well. The foreigners want to know ______ ____learn chinese how to well. (3)He can't decide which one to choose. he _______choose. could He can't decide which one ____ (4)He asked “Do you like living here?" if liked He asked ____you _______living here.

? 课时训练
(5)Could you tell me where I should show the tickets. to ______the show Could you tell me where ______ ___ tickets.
(6)I wondered whether I could go. whether _____go. to I wondered _______ (7)I don't know what I should say at the meeting? what ____say to I don't know ______ at the meeting. (8)Can you tell me which dress we should buy. which ______ dress ______buy. to Can you tell me _______


四 : 宾语从句教学反思

他学习的能力比教授知识更重要,在复习的条件下,同伴帮助比老师教更重要。使复习课课堂不再沉闷,焕发出生命的力量,让学生成为课堂的主人。
反思活动过程:
过程1:通过日常的对话,营造愉悦的学习环境,吸引学生注意。我的几个问题都比较简单也符合当天上课学生的状态,所以学生马上进入我所预定的学习环节。
过程2:让学生通过小组讨论,根据课本所出现的单元,复习已有的知识宾语从句。学生都能在课本上找出宾语从句的句式,较好地回忆了所学的知识。我想通过这个环节来唤醒学生原有的宾语从句知识,但是似乎没有太多的促进作用,如果直接告诉学生今天的上课主题是巩固和复习宾语从句,并且依托课本展开讨论,学生更容易回忆。
过程3:想让学生在我所设计的宾语从句的几个任务中体验并归纳宾语从句的用法,通过生生的互动来促进组内学生的掌握程度。计是比较好的,但是再好的设计,现场实施就不一样了。预计学生10分钟的时间完成5个任务,结果过高估计学生的能力,任务太多,同时我在课堂调控上没有把握好度,让学生发挥得过多第三环节时间拖得太长,使得后面的点睛之处(中考考点扫描和中考直击)的时间不得不缩短。课后也思考了这个环节的问题,因为在课堂上发现学生有学习的问题,是应该停下来讨论,还是继续原有的教学设计。这个也可以成为今后教学思考的问题。80%的学生能基本完成宾语从句的复习内容,但是20%学生还处于一知半解的状态,对宾语从句的连接词还不能完全了解。在设计的任务中能够很好地帮助这些学生理解和掌握连接词的用法。在学生的讨论中,20%的学生有80%的学生能够在练习中体现对这一部分的理解。在宾语从句中,对一般疑问句的变法,人称的变化,时态的变化也是学生的学习的难点。如这个句子:“Can you tell me something about your hometown?”Lily asked Wangle.
学生的变化1: Lily asked Wangle you can tell me something about your hometown.
学生的变化2: Lily asked Wangle if he can tell her something about his hometown.
正确的答案:Lily asked Wangle if/ whether he could tell her something about his hometown.
过程4:本环节想通过中考试题的点拨,来让学生来了解中考宾语从句的考试方向,使学生对宾语从句的掌握更具有方向性。由于在过程3的时间过多,没有能在本节课中体现这一设计,只好放在下一节课和学生一起了解和掌握。设计的课堂总结和测试也因时间没有能较好地体现,降低了这节课的有效性。
总的来说,学生在本节课还是通过几个任务体验了宾语从句的复习过程,尤其是生生的相互学习,相互教授,比教师主讲这个知识点,取得的效果更为明显。让每个学生都积极在课堂思考,讨论,应该能很好地促进学习。在教学过程的调控上,应注意教学的有效性,设计得再好的,在实施过程中一定要考虑学生的实际情况,多了解学生掌握宾语从句的现状,给与学生更明确的学习指导,那学生对这个知识点就会掌握得较好。

附;教学设计
The Object Clause (宾语从句)初三复习课教学设计
广州市天秀中学潘志宇
[教学目标] 
1.掌握引导宾语从句的各种连词
2.掌握宾语从句的语序──主句+引导词+主语+谓语
3.掌握宾语从句,主句与从句在时态上的呼应。
[教学重点及难点] 
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