新目标英语八年级上-Units9-12复习题 新目标八年级上

一 : Units9-12复习题 新目标八年级上

unit9

一.按要求完成下列各题
1.在他五岁时,他开始拉小提琴.(翻译)
___________    _______   ________   5, he __          __    _                  _    violin.
_____                _     _         _   __   5, he____           _     ___               ___  violin.
2.在晚会上我们看了她演 奏钢琴. (翻译)
we saw__________________     _________________ the piano at the party.   
 3.he is very young.he can’t go to school.
he is________    ___________    ______________      _________ to school.      
4.bruce hiccuped for 4 years.(就划线部分提问)
 _________    __________       _____________   bruce_____________?    
 5.tony was born in 1992. (就划线部分提问)
 _________    __________ tony born?
6.this box is too heavy. i can’t carry it.(合并成一句)
this box is _____________heavy___________ me___________ carry.
7. he   born  was , when(连词成句)
________________________________________________________________       
8.她去年停止了打嗝了. (翻译)
she____         ___________last year.
9.邓亚萍出生于1973. (翻译)
deng yaping____________    __________      _______ 1973.
10.你什么时候开始锻炼的? (翻译)
_________________ did you start_________________ ?
11. 他参加第xx届肖邦国际钢琴大赛(翻译).
he ______________      _____________    ___________ the 14th choin international piano competition.
12.李云迪是一个著名的有创造力的有天赋的钢琴家(翻译)
li yundi is a ______________ ,______________ and ________________  _____________.
二.选择题
1 .    the baby stopped_____________when she saw her mother.
a.cry             b.to cry                  c.crying                 d.to crying
2.    she always spends a lot of money _________clothes.
a. in            b. on                         c.with                  d.at
3     he is _________ unusual piano player.
a.the             b..a                    c. an                 d./  
4    .he began to play the violin _______ four.
 a. at the age of           b. at age of             c. aged of                 d.when he is
5.  the ___________ is good at playing____________.
 a.violinist, violin         b. violinist, the violin       c.violin, violinist         d.the violin, violinist
6. he could hum______ when he was only 4.
 a.many music           b. many piece of music              c. a lot of musics        d many pieces of music
7. he was too tired. he ________ a good rest.
 a.stopped to have           b.stopped having  c started to have   d.started to having
8.  she was born ________ june 2nd ,1993.
 a.on      b. at                 c.in                 d. by
9. charls smith keeps the world record ________ hiccupping.
a.in           b. for                 c.on                    d.at
三.将下列句子按逻辑意义重新排列
a. when she was ten years old.
b. when was she born.
c. she’s a famous ice skater.
d. when did she become a skating champin?
e. she was born in 1932.
f. who is laura?
正确的顺序:_______________________________________

unit10

一.选择题
1.____________ the same time , i got a part-time job as a waiter.
a.in            b. on               c. at                   d. for
2. i like to live _____________.
a.interesting somewhere      b. somewhere interesting       c. anywhere interesting        d. interesting anywhere
3 .________ are you going to improve your english ?
a.how                   b. what                    c. who                   d. when
4. all parents want to communicate_______ their children.
a. with              b. for                     c. on                      d. to
5.he _____ guitar lessons next year.
a. took               b. takes              c.is going to take             d. take
6. -do you often practice _______ english?
a. speak                 b. speaks               c.speaking                d. to speak
7.-_______ are you going to ______?      -a scientist.
a. how , be            b. what , do               c.what , be             d. who, do
二.按要求完成下列各题
1.你的新年计划是什么?
what’s your ________    _____________    _______________?
2.如果你想保持健康,你就要多锻炼。
if you want to _______    ___________, you must _____________ more .
3. 你长大了想当医生吗?
are you going ________________    _____________ a doctor when you ______________    __________?
4. i want to rest a day or two.(同义句)
i want to rest ___________    __________________     ________________    ____________.
三.从b栏中找出a栏问句的正确答语
           a                                                            b
1.where are you going to work?                             a.  a basketball player.
2. are you going to take gutar lessons?                    b.   shanghai.
3.what are you going to be ?                               c.for one year .
4. how are  you going to be an actor?                      d. i’m going to take acting lessons.
5. how long is she going to live here ?                    e. yes, i am.


unit11
一.选词填空。(用正确形式填空)
 
hate     use     forget     sweep      buy     make     fold      because     do  

1.  i don’t like doing the dishes.______________ it’s boring.
2. i _______________ doing the laundry.
3 .can i ______________ your computer?
4. my mother gets really angry when i _______________ to clean my room.
5. do you often______________ the floor at home?
6. could you __________________ some drinks and snacks?
7. you should ________________ your clothes.
8. she often _________________ her homework at home.
9. uncle wang enjoys _________________fruit salad.
二.选择题
1  .can you borrow some money________ your father ?
a.to                 b.from            c. in                 d.for
2.could you please ________ the dog next week?
 a.are going to feed          b. feeded               c. feed               d. feeding
3. don’t _______ the door when you leave.
 a. forget closing            b. forgets closing        c. forget to close      d. forgetting to close
4. the baby needs ________.
 a.feeds             b. to feed             c. feeding          d. feed on
5.my mother is ill. i must _______________ her.
  a. look after             b. look like               c.look for             d. look at
6. - could i use your mp3?        - ______________________
a.good idea               b. yes , you couldn’t       c. sure, you can’t         d.sorry, you can’t.
7.i’m going to ______ the computer.
   a. work on            b. work            c. work for            d. on
8. he stopped working_________ the rain.
a.because              b. because of           c.as                    d. as for
9. i _____________ any help. i can do everything myself.
  a. need              b. need to          c. don’t need              d. needs
10. dolphin can ______________ balls.
a. play              b. play with                    c. have            d. hold
三.按要求完成下列各题
1.谢谢你照顾我的猫。(翻译)
thanks _______________     __________________ care of my cat.
2.请把垃圾倒出去,好吗?(翻译)
______________ you please ______________     ________________ the trash?
3. tom doesn’t like traveling.(同义句)
tom _________________   _________________________.
4.could you sweep the floor?(肯定回答)
____________________,  _____________________      _______________________.
5. he needs to do it like that.(否定句)
he _________________   ________________ to do it like that.
6.请为我铺床好吗?
__________________ you please _____________________ the bed  for me?

unit12
一.选择题
1. beijing is one of _______________ cities in china .
a.beautiful       b. more beautiful           c. the most beautiful           d. most beautiful
2. these apples are _____ than those ones.
 a. much bigger        b. the biggest           c. very big                 d. as big
3. the book is _________ of the three.
  a.interesting             b. more interesting       c. the most intersting            d. interestingest
4. which do you like _____,the city or the country?
 a.more         b. most                c. best              d. better
5.we did a survey _____ what our class thought _____ action movies.
 a.for, for           b. of, for               c. for , of                    d. of , about
6. maria won the prize _____ the best performer.
a. of               b. for               c. with              d. about
7.there is a god clothing store _______.
 a. in the town          b. on the town              c. in town .
8.i think the price is _______ in this store .
 a. the cheapest       b. cheapest          c. the cheaper             d. cheappest
9. tiajin is _______ beijing .
 a. close to       b. close from               c. closed to            d. closed
10. which is the ______ season of the year?
a.hot              b. hottest           c. hoter               d. the hotest

二.按要求完成下列各题
1.how do you like the movie theater?(同义句)
__________________ do you _____________     _______________ the movie theater ?
2.她是无线电台的一名记者。(翻译)
she is a reporter from the _____________________     ____________________.
3. 电影城的座位最舒服。(翻译)
screen city has the _______________________  ___________________ seat.
4.他不辞而别。(翻译)
he left ________________      ___________________ good-bye.
5.他没吃早餐就去上学了。(翻译)
he went to school _______________    _________________.
6. tony is taller than any other students in his class.(同义句)
tony is ________________     ________________ student in his class.

三.词形变换
1.do(过去式)_______         2.good(比较级)___________     3. take(过去式)____________
4. think(过去式)_________   5. important(比较级)_______   6. little (最高级)__________
7.watch(复数)______         8. put(现在分词)_________      9.health(形容词)_________
 

答案:
unit9
一.1. when      he        was       started    playing    the 
at      his    age    of    started   to     play   the   
2.   her    playing                 3. too   young    to    go   4.  how    long   did     hiccup                    
 5. when was                       6.too for to                 7.when was he born
 8.stopped hiccupping                 9. was born in             10.when exercising
 11.took part in                      12.famous     creative   talent   pianist
二.三.一.二.三.一.二.三。一。二  三

 

二 : 新目标英语八年级上Unit1单元要点

 

unit 1 how often do you exercise? 单元要点

 

  情景体验

 

情景一:询问对方所进行的课余活动及其频率。model 1a: what do you do on weekends?b: i often watch tv.a: how often do you watch tv?b: i watch tv twice a week.a: what’s your favorite program?b: it’s animal world.a: how often do you watch it?情景二:询问对方的饮食习惯。model 2a: how often do you drink milk, liu fang?b: i drink milk every day.a: do you like it?b: no. but my mother wants me to drink it. she says it’s good for my health. 课标.主题词表:      .语言目标:学习谈论各项活动的频率1、重点掌握:表示频率的副词:always, once a week, every day等。表示日常活动的短语:go to the movies, play soccer等。2、目标语言:—what do you usually do on weekends?—i sometimes go to the beach.—how often do you eat vegetables?—every day.most students do homework every day..语法聚焦:1、一般现在时,助动词do和does的用法。2、wh-及how引导的特殊疑问句what do …?how often…?.语言文化1、学习描述课余时间的活动安排。2、学习描述基本饮食结构。3、学会描述个人生活习惯。section a要点精析【新词诠释】1、hardly/ha:dli/adv.几乎不(本身表示否定)eg. he hardly ever goes to bed before 11:00他很少在11点以前上床睡觉。有时hardly可用在情态动词can的后面,表示“几乎不能”。eg. i’m too tired. i can hardly walk on.我太累了,简直不能再走了。2、ever/ev/adv.曾;曾经eg. have you ever been to beijing?你曾到过北京吗?【短语导学】1、how often多次一次(疑问副词)用于提问句子中表示频率的副词或短语。常见的频度副词有:always, usually, often, sometimes, never等。短语有:once a week, twice a month, hardly ever(=seldom), three times a year, every day等。eg. he never goes to school late.(就画线部分提问)how often does he go to school late?你了解“twice”吗?它有两重含义:a.两次(= two times)eg. i went to beijing twice last year.去年我去了北京两次。b.两倍eg. twice of two is four.二的两倍是四。2、on weekends在周末on weekdays 在工作日3、go to the movies去看电影go to the park. 去公园4、green high school格林中学activity survey 活动调查5、all students(= all of the students)所有的学生most students (= most of the students) 大多数学生some students (= some of the students) 一些学生no students (= none of the students) 没有学生【语法聚焦】1、一般现在时中,谓语动词为实义动词,变为疑问句,助动词does和do的用法: do+ { you we they +v.原形…?   does+ { he she it +v.原形…? eg.—what do you do on weekends?你周末干什么?—i usually play basketball.我通常打篮球。 归纳拓展 what, how引导的特殊疑问句: 1、问时刻(点钟):what’s the time, please? /what time is it, please? 请问几点了? 2、问星期:what day is today? /what day is it today? /what day of the week is it? 今天星期几? 3、问日期:what’s the date today? 今天几号? 4、how many times 多少次 eg.—how many times a week does he play basketball? 他一周要打多少次篮球? —he plays basketball three times a week. 他一周打三次篮球。 5、how soon多久(以后) —how soon will he be back? 他多久能回来? —he will be back in a month. 他一个月后能回来。 6、how long 多久,多长时间 eg.—how long did it take you to clean the house? 你打扫房子用了多久? —it took me half an hour to clean the house. 我打扫这房子用了半小时。 7、how often 多久一次 eg.—how often does he write to you? 他多久给你写一次信? —he writes to me once a month. 他一个月给我写一次信。

三 : 新目标八年级英语上Unit5练习

 

八上学期第5单元同步验收练习题听力部分(共20分) i.听句子,在空白处填写你所听到的单词。(5分)1. mary is ________ tomorrow. 2. can you come to laura's ________? 3. sorry, i have to meet my aunt at the ______. 4. do you have a ________ lesson this saturday? 5. thank you for your ________. i would like to come tomorrow. ii. 听句子,从你所听到的a, b, c, d, e中找出每个问句的正确答案。(5分)1. what match is michael watching now? 2. when did you have the piano lesson? 3. can you come to my birthday party tomorrow? 4. do you like to watch the baseball match on tv? 5. who did you give the invitations to this time? iii. 听对话,回答下面的问题。(10分)1. whom is charles talking with? ____________________________________ 2. what are they talking about? ____________________________________ 3. can rose come to charles' birthday party? ____________________________________ 4. who did charles ask to his birthday party, too? ____________________________________ 5. where does charles live? ____________________________________ 笔试部分(共80分)i.词汇。(15分)a)用所给词的适当形式填空。(5分)1. i have a ________busy week. (real) 2. thanks for your ________to visit next week. (invite) 3. today is tom's ________ birthday. (fourteen) 4. my________ brother is two years ________than me. (old) b)英汉词组互译。(10分)1. come to my party______ 2. 上钢琴课______ 3. study for a test______ 4. 去听音乐会______ 5. play the piano______ 6. 在周五晚上______ 7. keep quiet______ 8. 帮忙干家务活______ 9. join the club______ 10. 两整天______ ii. 单项选择。(10分)1. i have to________for the math test. a. study b. studying c. learning d. studied 2. my mother is busy________the room. a. clean b. to clean c. cleaning d. cleans 3. there is a telephone call________you,kate. a. to b. of c. at d. for 4. you can see many good programs______tv. a. on the b. over the c. over d. on 5. please practice________english. a. speak b. to speaking c. speaking d. to speak iii. 同义句转换,每空一词。(10分)1. do you want to come to my birthday party? ________you________to come to my birthday party ? 2. i'm sorry, i have to visit my aunt. i'm sorry, i have to________ ________ ________my aunt. 3. i have too much homework to do this weekend. ________ ________too much homework________ ________to do this weekend. 4. let's discuss the science report. let's________ ________the science report. 5. why not play soccer with me? why________ ________play soccer with me? iv. 情景对话。(10分)(j=john l=li lei)j: hello, li lei! l: hi, jim. can you come and play football with us on sunday? j: sorry, i can't. __1__. l: do you like going out in the car? j: yes, i do. we sometimes go out in the car on saturday. l: oh, we usually go and see my uncle on saturday. __2__. j: i like fishing. what about you? l: i like fishing, too. __3__he always catches a lot of fish. we often take the fish home for supper.__4__. j: __5__. l: my dad. i help him.we like cooking fish! j: and eating it, too.

a. what do you like to do in your free time? b. my uncle is very good at fishing. c. i like eating fish. d. we sometimes go fishing. e. dad is taking us out in the car. f. who cooks the fish? g. i will go out with my father.

v. 完形填空。(10分)last year tom left school. he came to taipei to__1__a job. he went from one company(公司)to another but__2__wanted him. now he had little money. he had to go back to his small town. so he came to the station. he felt__3__and tired. it was very late at night and__4__was full of people. they were waiting__5__tickets for the last train. he bought the last ticket, and he was very happy. at that time, a woman with a crying baby walked to him. she asked him to sell her the ticket. he gave her the ticket. he thought they needed it__6__he did . after__7__left, he sat on the bench and didn't know__8__to go. just then, an old man came and said, "young man, i__9__what you did to the woman. i have a big company. i need a good young man like__10__. would you like to work for me?" 1. a. find b. see c. look d. buy 2. a. everyone b. no one c. nothing d. something 3. a. happy b. interesting c. sad d. glad 4. a. the city b. the company c. the farm d. the station 5. a. to buy b. to sell c. to give d. to pass 6. a. less than b. more than c. smaller than d. worse than 7. a. tom b. the bus c. the train d. the old man 8. a. what b. which c. why d. where 9. a. saw b. don't know c. don't like d. look 10. a. the woman b. you c. the baby d. her vi. 阅读理解。(10分)it was jimmy's birthday, and he was five years old. he got a lot of nice birthday presents from his family, and one of them was a beautiful drum(鼓). "who gave him that thing?"jimmy's father said when he saw it. "his grandfather did,"answered jimmy's mother. jimmy liked his drum very much. he made a terrible(可怕的) noise with it, but his father didn't mind(介意). he was working during the day and jimmy was already in bed when he got home in the evening, so he couldn't hear the noise. but one of the neighbors(邻居) didn't like the noise at all, so a few days later, she took a sharp(锋利的) knife and went to jimmy's house while he was hitting his drum. she said to him, "hello, jimmy, there is something very nice inside your drum. here is a knife. open the drum and let's find it." 根据短文内容选择正确答案。1. jimmy got a lot of nice presents from his ________. a. classmates b. friends c. teachers d. family 2. who gave jimmy the drum?________. a. his father b. his mother c. his neighbor d. his grandfather 3. why didn't jimmy's father stop him from making noise with the drum? because________. a. he liked jimmy very much b. he didn't hear it c. jimmy was in bed d. jimmy only played in the evening 4. one of the neighbors________. a. liked jimmy very much b. enjoyed listening to the sound of the drum c. wanted to show jimmy a sharp knife d. didn't like the noise at all 5. what did jimmy's neighbor really want him to do? to________. a. stop him making noises b. make a noise on his drum with a knife c. show him how to hit the drum d. find something nice in his drum vii. 书面表达。(15分)一些英国朋友要来参加你们班举行的英语晚会。作为主持人,你需要用英语准备一份60-80个词的欢迎辞。欢迎辞必须包括以下英文提示的内容(开头已给出):1. the number of students (boys 32, girls 28) 2. what do you think of english? 3. how do you learn english in your free time (magazines, tv, radio, etc)? 4. your english programs (plays, songs, etc). 5. ending(结束语)good evening! ladies and gentlemen, welcome to our class and welcome to our english evening. first of all, let me say a few words about our class.参考答案:听力部分i.录音原文与答案:1. mary is thirteen tomorrow. 2. can you come to laura's party? 3. sorry, i have to meet my aunt at the station. 4. do you have a guitar lesson this saturday? 5. thank you for your invitation. i would like to come tomorrow. 1. thirteen 2. party 3. station 4. guitar 5. invitation ii. a. i had the piano lesson the day before yesterday. b. yes. it's my favorite. c. he's watching a soccer match now. d. oh, sorry. my mother is ill. i have to look after her. e. penny, lisa, alice, robert and richard. 1-5 cadbe iii. m: hi, rose. w: hi, charles. m: what are you doing next saturday? w: i have no idea. what's up? m: it's my birthday. can you come to my party? w: sure. did you ask sally and katy? m: yes, i did. w: but i'm sorry i forgot your address. m: it's just behind the town cinema. w: well. i am coming that evening. m: that's very kind of you! 1. he's talking with rose. 2. they are talking about charles' birthday. 3. yes, she can. 4. he asked sally and katy, too. 5. he lives just behind the town cinema. 笔试部分i. a) 1. really 2. invitation 3. fourteenth 4. elder, older b) 1. 来参加我的聚会 2. have a piano lesson 3. 为考试而学习 4. go to a concert 5. 弹钢琴 6. on friday evening 7. 保持安静 8. help with the housework 9. 参加俱乐部 10. two whole days ii. 1. a. have to后边加动词原形。2. c. 忙于做某事是be busy doing sth.。3. d. 电话是打给谁的用介词for。4. d. 在电视上用介词on。 5. c. practice后边如果遇到动词,用动名词的形式,即practice doing。iii. 1. would, like 2. go and see 3. there is, for me 4. talk about 5. don't you iv. 1-5 eabcf v. 1-5 abcda 6-10 bcdab vi. 1-5 ddbda vii. one possible version: good evening! ladies and gentlemen, welcome to our class and welcome to our english evening. first of all, let me say a few words about our class. there are 60 students in our class. 32 of us are boys and the others are girls. most of us like english and study hard at it. in our free time we often read english books, newspapers and magazines. sometimes we learn english on the radio and sometimes on tv. this evening you'll enjoy some short plays, songs, dances and so on by our classmates. i hope you'll like these programs and have a good time. thank you!

四 : 新目标八年级上Units1-6复习要点

units 1~6 复习要点
一、 language goals 语言目标
1. talk about how often you do things谈论做事情的频率。
2. talk about your health. make suggestions. 谈论健康话题以及提出建议。
3. talk about future plans. 谈论未来的计划/打算。
4. talk about how to get to places. 谈论到达某地的方式。
5. learn to make invitations, say yes or no to invitations and give reasons.
学会发出,接受和拒绝邀请并说出原因。
6. learn to talk about personal traits and how to compare people.
     学会谈论个人品质以及如何比较人们。
二、各单元短语           (unit 1)
1. go to the movies=go to the cinema 去看电影    2. look after=take care of 照顾
3. surf the internet 上网                       4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
5. go skateboarding 去划板            6. (be) in good health =(be)healthy身体健康
7. keep healthy=stay healthy=keep in good health 保持健康      8. as for至于
9. exercise=take/do (much) exercise=play sports=do sports锻炼,做运动
10. eating habits 饮食习惯                      11. the same as 与什么相同
12. once a month一月一次                      13. be different from 不同
14. twice a week一周两次                     15. make a difference to 对什么有影响
16. how often 多久一次                       17. although=though虽然
18. most of the students=most students大多数学生   19. activity survey活动调查
20. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物       21. do homework做家庭作业
22. do housework做家务事                      23. junk food垃圾食物
24. be good for 对什么有益                      25. be bad for对什么有害
26. want to do sth=would like to do sth=feel like doing sth 想做某事                    
27. want sb to do sth=woud like sb to do sth想某人做某事
28. try to do sth 尽量做某事  try doing sth.试着做某 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事
29. come home from school放学回家              30. of course=certainly=sure当然
31. get good grades取得好成绩             32. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不
33. help sb ( to )do sth =help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事
34. a lot of =lots of=many /much许多,大量的
unit 2
1. have a cold =catch a cold =have got a cold 感冒    2.a sore back 背痛
3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进              4. have a stomachache 胃痛
5. sore throat 咽喉痛                            6. lie down and rest 躺下休息
7. see a dentist 看牙医                           8. drink lots of water 多喝水
9. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶                10. a good idea 好主意.
12.i think so. 我认为如此。                      13. get some rest 多休息
14. stressed out 筋疲力尽                        15. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式
16. traditional chinese doctors传统中医医生        17. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和
18. too much yin 阴气太盛                       19. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡
20.healthy food 健康食品                        21.at the moment = now 此刻
22. stay healthy =keep healthy =keep in good health  = keep fit 保持健康
23. enjoy oneself = have a good time =have a wonderful time=have fun玩得高兴,过得愉快
24. host family 寄宿家庭                         25. conversation practice会话练习
26. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,     enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事,
like dong sth  喜欢做某事,           practice doing sth. 练习做某事,
mind doing sth. 介意做某事,          finish doing sth. 完成某事,
give up doing sth. 放弃做某事,         can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事,
keep ding sth. 坚持做某事.
即:practice, mind, finish, give up, can’t help,keep与enjoy用法基本相似。
unit 3
1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹                  2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶
3. spend time with friends和朋友们一起度过时光   4. . go to sports camp 去运动野营
5. go to the beach 去海滩                       6. how about= what about  ……怎么样
7. go camping 去野营,     go shopping 去买东西,      go swimming 去游泳,
 go boating去划船,      go skating 去溜冰,         go walking去散步,
go climbing 去登山,    go dancing去跳舞,          go hiking 去徒步远足,
go sightseeing 去观光,  go house-hunting 去找房子,  go on a hike 徒步旅行,
go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,        go fishing 去钓鱼
8. do some shopping 买东西,            do some washing 洗衣服,
do some cooking 作饭,               do some reading读书,
do some speaking训练口语,          do some sewing 做缝纫.
9. how long  1)多长时间 (询问动作在时间上所延续的长度)
2)多长 (询问事物的长度)
10. how far 多远(问路程,距离)   11. how often 多长时间一次(询问动作发生的频率)
12. how much (+不可数名词)多少            13. how many (+复数名词),  多少
14. have a good time =have fun= have a wonderful time   =have a nice time= enjoy oneself玩得高兴,过得愉快
15. show sb. sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看       give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,
pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我   ,sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我
buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,       make me a cake=make a cake for me给我做蛋糕
16. get back=come back回来               17. take walks=go for a walk散步
18. think about 考虑                      19. decide on= decide upon 决定计划
20. something different 不同的事情         21. a great vacation 一个愉快的假期
22. can’t wait to do sth. 等不及做某事       23. a famous movie star 著名的影星
24. an exciting vacation激动人心的假期     25. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事
26. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事          27. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
unit 4
1.get to school 到校                        15. bus stop公共汽车站,
2. get home 到家                             train station火车站,
3.take the subway 乘地铁                      subway station地铁站,
4.ride a bike 骑自行车                         bus station客运站
5.take the/a bus乘公共汽车                     tv station 电视台
6.take the/a train乘火车                      16. want to do sth.想做某事
7.take a taxi乘坐出租车                      17.walk to school 步行上学
8. go in a parent’s car 坐父母的车              18. in north america 在北美
9. by bike/ bus/ subway/ car/ train乘坐……车 19. in other parts of the world在世界的其他地区
10. have a quick breakfast迅速吃早饭       20. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定
11. the early bus 早班车                      21. not all 不是所有的
12. leave for 起程(动身)前往……            22. need to do sth.需要做某事
13. take sb. to sp.带某人到某处               23. a number of=many 许多(number前可用
14. doing sth. takes sb. some time/ money         large, great, small修饰其谓语是复数)
=it takes sb. some time/money to do sth.        24. the number of ….的数量 (谓语是单数)
=sb. spends some time/money (on sth.)   25. worry about( sth./sb.)=be worried about(sb/sth.)
=sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth.        为(某人/事)着急/担心
=sth. costs sb. some time/money               26. around the world= all over the world
=sb. pay some money for sth.                   世界各地,全世界
某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事           
                                unit  5 
1.come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会        2. on saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午
3. study for a test为测验而学习              4.go to the doctor=see a doctor 去看医生
5.have a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课        6. go to one’s guitar lesson/class 去上吉他课
7. much too 太,过于                     8.too much 太多
9.thanks for asking(inviting) me to….谢谢你邀请我……      10.birthday party 生日聚
11.go to the baseball game 参加棒球比赛      12. soccer practice 足球练习
13. look for 寻找                          14. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明
15.study for the math test 为数学考试而学习   16. play tennis with me 和我一起打网球
17. write soon 尽快回信                18. on thursday night 星期四晚上
19. be (go) on vacation 度假             20.next week下周
21.join sb.加入某人(的行列)            22. a football match足球比赛
23. keep quiet 保持安静, ( keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”)
keep+(sb.)+doing 表示“(使某人)不停地做某事”
keep sth. 保存某物,饲养某物
24. a culture club 文化俱乐部
25. “给某人打电话”的几种说法:
call sb.( up),   phone sb.(up),   phone to sb.,  telephone sb.(up),
telephone to sb.,  ring sb.(up),   give sb. a ring,   give sb. a phone,
make a telephone (call) to sb.
unit  6
1.talk about 谈论                            2. in some ways 在某些方面
3. more than超过,多于                      4. in common 共有,公共
5. be good at =do well in擅长于              6. not as…as…不如……
7. in school 在校求学,在学校                8. make me laugh 让我笑
9. look the same看起来一样                  10. talk to/with 和……谈话
11. stop doing sth.停止做某事                 12. stop to do sth接着做某事
13. begin / start with 以……开始                14. end with以……结束
15. in the middle of 在……中间                 16. swimming poor 游泳池
17. on the other hand 另一方面              18.be good with=get on well with 和……相处得好
三、重要句型
unit 1:
1. -what do you usually do on weekends?
   -i usually go to the movies.
2. -what does he sometimes do on weekends?
   -he sometimes surfs the internet.
3. —how often do you exercise?
   —i exercise once a week.
4. —how often does she eat vegetables?
  —she eats vegetables three times a day.
5. most of the students go to the beach every year.
6. it makes a big difference to my grades.
7. my eating habits are pretty good.
             unit 2:
1. what’s the matter?/ what’s wrong? /what’s the trouble?
2. i’m not feeling well. i have a cold / fever/ stomachache / sore throat.
/i have a lot of headaches.
3. maybe you should see the doctor / dentist.
  you should drink some hot tea with honey.
4. you shouldn’t eat anything for 24 hours.
5. don’t get stressed out. it will make you sick.
6. i’m sorry to hear that you are not feeling well.
            unit 3
1. -what is she doing for vacation?
-she is babysitting her little sister.
-that sounds nice / interesting.
2. -when are you going?
-i’m going on monday.
3. -where are they going?
-they are going to tibet.
4. -who is she going with?
-she is going with her parents.
5. -how long is he staying.
-he is staying for a week.
6. -how is the weather there?
-i’m hoping the weather will be nice.
7. he is leaving for hong kong the first week in june.
8. have a good time.
                 unit 4:
1. -how do you get to school?
   -i get to school by bus.
2. -how does he go to work?
   -he usually walks to school.
3. -how long does it take?
   -it takes about twenty minutes.
4. -how far is it from his home to school?
   -it’s three miles.
5. what do you think of the transportation in your town?
                  unit 5:
1. -can you come to my party on wednesday?
   -sure, i’d love to. / i’m sorry, i have to have a piano lesson.
2. -can she go to the movies on saturday?
   -no, she can’t. she has to help her mom.
3. -can you go to the concert on monday?
   -when is it?
   -it’s at four o’clock on friday.
4. thanks a lot for the invitation.
5. i’m going to study for a test this evening.
6. what’s the date today?
                unit 6
1. pedro is funnier than paul.
2. tina is (a little)taller than tara.
3. i am more athletic than my best friend.
4. my hair is longer than hers.
5. liu ying is not as good as her sister.
6. in some ways, we look the same.
7. for me, a good friend likes doing the same things as me.
8. i’m quieter than most of the kids in my class, and so is my friend.
9. who do you think should get the job, ruth or rose?
四、 grammar语法:
                unit 1:
1. 表频率的词汇和短语:
   always, usually ,often ,never ,hardly ever ,sometimes ,seldom, once a day,
twice a month ,three times a week, every two weeks, once in a while
2. 做事情的频率(how often you do things):
-what do you usually do in the morning?
-i usually read english books. sometimes i walk in the garden.
i hardly ever exercise. i eat vegetables twice a week, but i never eat junk food.
3. 如何提问频率“多久一次”
-how often does he play tennis?
-he plays tennis every day.
-how often do you drink milk?
-i drink milk once a day.
-how often do they go to the movies?
-sometimes.
                       unit 2:
1. 询问别人身体状况:
what’s wrong with you?
what’s the matter with you?
what’s the trouble with you?
2. 提出建议(give advice and make suggestions)
-what’s wrong with you?
-i have a headache.
-you should go to bed and have a rest. you shouldn’t work late.
-i have a fever.
-you should drink a lot of water. you shouldn’t be stressed out.
                       unit 3:
一般将来时:
1. 现在进行时“be+动词ing”可以用来表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。
-what are you doing for vacation?
-i’m visiting tibet.
-where are you going on may day?
-i’m going to the beach.
-how many students are coming to out party tomorrow?
-fifty.
2. “be going to +动词原形”表示主观打算去做某事,表示“人”打算,计划,决定要去做的事。
they are going to travel in china.
look at the clouds! it is going to rain.
-are you going to be a teacher when you grow up?
-yes, i am.
3. 用“shall+动词原形”或“will+动词原形”表示一般将来时。
(shall只用于第一人称)
we shall go to the beach this sunday.
my brother will finish middle school in a year.
these birds won’t fly to the south in winter.                      
 unit 4:
谈论如何到达某地,以及以何种方式到达某地。
-how do you get to the museum?
-i get to the museum by subway. sometimes i ride my bike to the museum.
注意区别:
(1)take the bus = go by bus
eg: i take the bus to get to school. = i get to school by bus.   take the train = go by train
eg: he takes the train to go to school.    he gets to school by train.
take the subway = go by subway
take a taxi = go by taxi
go in a car = go by car
ride a bike = go by bike
walk = go on foot
how引导的疑问句:
1. how does lucia get to work? (提问方式“如何”)
2. dave is going to travel to paris by plane. how long does it take?
(提问时间长短“多长时间”)
3. how far is it from the post office to the museum?(提问距离“多远”)
4. how often does kate swim in the river? (提问频率“多久一次”)
5. how old is the little boy? (提问年龄“多大”)
6. how many cows are there? (提问数量“多少”many后跟可数名词)
7. how much water is there in the bottle?
(提问数量“多少”much后跟不可数名词)
8. how much is the doll?(提问价钱“多少钱”)
9. how tall is his teacher? (提问高度“多高”)
10. how was the weather? (提问程度“怎样”)
                         unit 5
情态动词“can”表示可能性,或现在决定将来的事。
练习用“can …? ”发出邀请,接受或拒绝并给出原因:
-can you come to my party on monday?
-sure, i’d love to. / sorry, i can’t. i have to study for a test.
-can she go to the movies?
-no, she can’t. she has to do her homework.
-can he go to the football game tomorrow?
-no, he can’t. he has a driving lessons.
-can they go to the concert tonight?
-no, they can’t. they are visiting their uncle.
                         unit 6:
形容词比较级:
形容词比较级是用来表示事物的等级差别。
i. 形容词比较级的构成:
规则变化:
1. 一般单音节词末尾加-er。
tall-taller great-greater
2. 以不发音的e结尾的单音节词和少数以-le结尾的双音节词只加-r。
nice-nicer large-larger able-abler
3. 以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er。
big-bigger hot-hotter
4. “辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er。
easy-easier busy-busier
5. 少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词末尾加-er.
clever-cleverer narrow-narrower
6. 其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more来构成比较级。
important-more important beautiful-more beautiful
不规则变化:
   good-better ,  well(健康的)-better ,   bad-worse
   ill-worse ,  old-older / elder,  many-more
   much-more ,  many---more,  little(少的)-less
   far(远的)-farther / further
ii. 比较级句型:
1. 比较级+than … …比…较为
a +动词+形容词比较级+than+b.
两者相比较,a比b更…一些。
i am older than you.
mary is happier than jane.
his brother is younger than i(me).
my sister has longer hair than tara.
her mother is thinner than her father.
2. as…as
a+动词+as+形容词原级+as+b.表示a和b两者比较,程度相同,“…和…相同”。
 (1)my uncle is as tall as your father.  (2)tom is as honest as john.  (3)my dog is as old as that one.
a…+not+as+形容词原级+as+b表示a,b两者程度不同,即a不如b那么…
my uncle is not as tall as your father.
tom is not as honest as john.
this jacket is not as cheap as that one.
3. the same as与…相同。
my friend is the same as me. we are both quiet.
a good friend likes to do the same things as me.
五、各单元主要句子          (unit 1)
1. 你通常在周末做什么?  what do you usually do on weekends?
 我通常打排球。        i usually play volleyball on weekends.
2. 他们在周末做什么?    what do they usually do on weekends?
他们经常去看电影。    they often go to the movies
3. 她在周末做什么?      what does she do on weekends?
她有时候看电视。      she sometime watches tv.
4. 你多久购物一次?      how often do you shop?
  我一月购物一次。      i shop once a month .
5. 他多久看电视一次?    how often does he watch tv?
  他一周看电视二次。    he watches tv twice a week.
6. 你每晚睡多少小时?    how many hours do you sleep every night ?
7. 好的生活方式帮助我获得好的成绩。good lifestyle helps me get good grades .
8. 她的生活方式与你的相同还是不同?is her lifestyle the same as yours or different ?
unit  2
1.我头痛。                     i have a headache
2. 她胃痛。                    she has a stomachache.
3. 他牙痛。                    he has a toothache
4. 你(她、他)怎么了?        what’s the matter with you ( her ,him )?
5. 他喉咙痛吗?                does he have a sore throat ?
6你应当上床睡觉(躺下休息)。  you should go to bed.( lie down and rest ).
7. 他不应当吃任何东西。        he shouldn’t eat anything .
8. 她应当去看牙医。            she should see the dentist .
9. 我应当去看牙医吗?          should i go to see a dentist?
10. 我感觉不舒服。             i am not feeling now.
11. 我希望你快点好。           i hope you feel better soon.
12. 平衡饮食是很重要的。       it’s important to eat a balanced diet .
unit   3.
1. 你假期打算做什么?        what are you doing for vacation?
 她假期打算做什么?        what is she doing for vacation?
她们假期打算做什么?      what are they doing for vacation?
2. 你打算什么时候去?        when are you going ?
3. 他们打算怎样去北京?      how are they going to beijing ?
4. 你们打算去哪里?          where are you going ?
5. 他打算和谁一起去?        who(m) is he going with ?
6. 她们打算在那儿呆多久?    how long are they staying there ?
7. 我打算去拜访我的爷爷。    i am visiting my grandfather.
8. 她打算去野营。            she is going camping
9. 她们打算在家放松。        she is relaxing at home.
10. 我打算在12号去儿。      i am going there on 12th.
11. 他们打算坐飞机去。      they are going there by plane.
12. 他打算和他的爸爸一起去爬山。he is climbing mountains with his father.
13. 她们打算在那呆一周。    they are staying there for a week.
unit  4
1. 你是如何到学校的?      how do you go to school?
 我骑车去学校。          i ride my bike to school
2. 她是怎样到学校的?     how does she get to school?
她步行到学校。  she walks to school.she gets to school on foot.
3. 步行到学校用了你多少时间? how long does it take you to walk to school?
步行到学校用了我半小时。    it take me half an hour to walk to school.
4. 从你家到学校有多远?       how far is it from your home to school?
从我家到学校有3公里远。   it is 3 kilometers from my home to school.
5. 你住的地方离学校有多远?    how far do you live from your school?
我住在离学校10英里的地方。 i live 10 miles from school.
unit  5
1. 你能在星期六晚上来参加我的生日晚会吗?
can you come to my birthday party on saturday evening ?
当然,我愿意。            sure, i’d love to .
对不起,我不能来,我要上钢琴课。 sorry, i can’t . i have a piano lesson.
2. 我不得不去看医生。        i have to go to a doctor.
3. 今天是什么日子?         what’s (the date)today ?
今天是十四号星期一。      it’s monday, 14th.
4. 谢谢你的邀请。thank you for your invitation.( thank you for asking inviting me .)
unit  6
1. 他的头发比他弟弟的长。  he has longer hair than his brother.
( his hair is longer than his brother’s )
2. 她比她的姐姐镇静(更镇静、有点镇静)。
she is calmer than her sister.( much calmer a little calmer)
3. pedro 比paul 更滑稽。    pedro is much funnier than paul
4. tom 比sam 更健美。     tom is much more athletic than tim.
5. 在某些方面我们看起来一样,在某些方面我们看起来不同。
in some ways, we look the same. in some ways, we look differences.
6. liu ying 和她的妹妹一样不擅长运动。lui ying isn’t as good at the sports as her sister.
7. 她比他好多说话。        she talks more than her .
8. 她比我更有点外向。      she is a little more outgoing than me .
9. 我的朋友和我一样。我们都文静。  my friend is the same as me.we are both quiet.
10. 她比我更高一点。she is a little taller than me.
11. 我认为好朋友能让我发笑。i think a good friend can make me laugh.
12. 对我来说,好朋友要喜欢和我做一样的事情。
for me, a good friend likes to do the same things as me.
13. 我喜欢有像我一样的好朋友。i like to have friends who are like me.
14. 我喜欢有和我不一样的好朋友。i like to have friends who are different from me.
15. 我认为不同之处对友谊来说是不重要的。i don’t think differences are important in a friendship.
16. holly的最好的朋友喜欢和她做一样的事。
holly’s best friend likes to do the same things as she is.
六、易混词(组)辨析
1. 频度副词:
always(100%)→usually(90%)→often(80%)→sometimes(50%)→hardly ever(10%)→never(0%)
频度副词在句子中的位置为:be、情、助之后,行为动词之前。但sometimes也可以置于句首或句末。
2. 不定代词:
all(100%)→most(51-90%)→some(1-50%)→no(0%)
3. ※be good for 对……有益,有利于,
   ※be good at 擅长于……=do well in
   ※be good to 对……友好=be kind/nice/friendly to
   ※be good with 和……关系好
4. a little, a little bit,a bit
   ※ 三者都用来修饰形容词、副词的原级时,可以互相替换,此时可以用kind of。
    ※ 三者都用来修饰形容词、副词的比较级时,可以互相替换,此时不可以用kind of。
※ a little 直接用来修饰不可数名词。
※ a little bit和a bit用来修饰不可数名词时,必须先加介词of。
5. like doing sth, like to do sth.
※ 二者在一般情况下可以互换。
※ 在侧重于指经常性的动作或爱好时,一般用like doing sth.。
※ 在侧重于指一次性的某个动作时,一般用like to do sth.。
6. how old, how many, how much, how often, how long, how far, how soon
  ※ how old“(年纪)多大”,询问年纪、岁数。
※ how many“多少”,问可数名词的数量,其后接可数名词的复数形式。
※ how much“多少”,问不可数名词的数量,其后接不可数名词:询问价钱时直接用how much。
※ how often“多久一次,多常”,询问动作发生的频率。其答语部分或划线部分可能是:
频度副词、every…,once a week,或者表示时间的between…and…,from…to…等。
※ how long“多长”,询问动作在时间上所持续的长度或者某事物的具体长度。
※ how far“多远”,询问路程、距离。
※ how soon“多久,多快”,询问动作在将来要经过多长时间才会发生。其答语部分或
划线部分可能是:in + 时间段。
7. too much, much too, too many
  ※ too much“太多”,修饰不可数名词。
※ much too“太,过于”,修饰形容词或副词。
※ too many“太多”,修饰可数名词(复数)。
8. think about, think of
  ※二者表示下列意义时可以通用:
 1)“考虑”。如:don’t always think of / about yourself .
2)“对……有某种看法”。如:what do you think of / about the movie ?
※表示下列意义时,一般用think of 。
1)“想要,打算”。   2)“想出,想到”。 
3)“关心,为……着想”。  4)“想起,记得”。
  ※think over“仔细思考,再三考虑”。
9. very,very much与much表示“很,非常”
 ※ 修饰形容词或副词的原级用very,不用much。
※ 修饰动词时用much,不用very,但可用very much。
※ 修饰表语形容词时,英式英语用much,美式英语用very或very much。
※ 修饰形容词或副词的比较级时,用much,不用very。
10. question与problem
※ question 通常是指不需要经过计算而得到答案的问题,如文科方面的语文﹑政治﹑
历史中的一些问题。常与动词ask,answer等连用。
※ problem 一般指需要经过演算而得出答案的问题,如数学﹑物理等理科中的一些问
题。常与work out 连用。
※ problem 也可以指被认为是令人困惑的事物或者难以处理的麻烦事情。
※ 在指需要讨论或解决的事务性问题时,二者可以互换。
11. little,a little,few与a few  
※ little与few 在意义上均为“很少的,几乎没有的”,表示部分否定。但是little只
能修饰不可数名词,few 则是用来修饰可数名词。
※ a little 与a few 在意义上均为“有些,少量”,表示肯定。但是a little 只能修
饰不可数名词,a few 只能修饰可数名词。
12. listen (to) 与 hear
※ listen (to) “听,倾听”,一般指有意识地注意听,但是并不一定听到了。
※ hear “听见,听到”,指听觉器官接触到了声音,但是不一定是有意识地注意听。
※ hear 作“听说”之意解时,后面通常接一个宾语从句。
13. stop doing sth. 与 stop to do sth.
※ stop doing sth.“停止做某事,终止做某事”,即不做某事了。
※ stop to do sth. “停下来去做某事”。
14. sometime,sometimes,some time与some times
记忆:sometimes(有时)some times(好几次)sometime(某时)some time(一段时间)
口诀:分开是一段,相连为某时。分开s是倍次,相连s为有时。
※ sometime是时间副词,指不确定的将来或过去某一点时间(某时候或任何时候),不指一段时间。
※ sometimes是频度副词,指“有时”、“不时”的意思(=at times)。
※ some time是名词词组,指一段时间(一些时间或若干时间)。
※ some times指“几次”。
15. maybe与may be
※ maybe是副词,译为“也许、可能”,相当于“perhaps”。如:
maybe he can answer the question. 也许他能回答那个问题。
he maybe is from the usa, too. 他可能也来自美国。
※ may be中的may为情态动词,译为“可能是......”。如:
he may be from the usa, too. 他可能也来自美国。
16. too,also与either表示“也”
※ too用于肯定句和疑问句,一般放在句尾,其前常加逗号。如:
we are in the same school, too. 我们也在相同的学校。
※ also用于肯定句和疑问句,一般位于实义动词前、be、情、助之后。如:
sandra is also a korean student.sandra 也是一个韩国学生。
※either用于否定句,一般放在句末。如:
they don't know the answer, either.她们也不知道答案。
※as well 也有“也”的意思。如:
he is a happy boy as well. 他也是一位快乐男生。
17. other,others, the other, the others, another,any other
※ other“别的,其他的”,充当定语,其后须接名词。
※ others指其余的人或物,相当于“other+复数名词”,不能充当定语。指整体中去掉一部
分后剩余的部分,但不是全部的,即 some...others (一些...其余的人...)。
※ the other指“两个人或物中的另一个”。其复数形式是 the others,强调整体中除去一
部分后剩余的全部,即some...the others。
※ another泛指三个以上的不定数目中的“另外一个”。由 an 和 other 合并构成,所以
不能和冠词连用。another 修饰单数名词,比如:another pencil.但是可以接“数次+复
数名词”,如:another two days,表示在原来的基础上又多出的量。
※ any other 指除去本身以外的“任何其他的人或物”,后面要用名词的单数名词。
18. station, stop
  ※ station“火车站,公共汽车站,长途汽车站”,有相关的楼长馆所以及工作人员。
※ stop火车或公共汽车的中途“停靠站、停靠点”,不一定有楼房及工作人员。
19.a number of , the number of
  ※ a number of“许多,大量的”,后接复数名词。充当主语时,为复数概念。相当于
a lot of,lots of或many。
※the number of“……的数量”,后接复数名词。为单数概念。
20. in hospital , in the hospital
  ※ 表示“在医院”时,二者均可用。
※ 表示“(生病)住院”时,只能用in hospital 。
21. must , have to
  ※ must表示说话人的主观看法,即说话人主观上觉得有做某事的必要。have to表示客观需要,
即由于外界周围的环境、习惯、协约等等诸多客观因素,要求某人“不得不,必须”做某事。
※ must的否定形式为mustn’t,但是其意义是“不应该,不允许,禁止”。have to 的否定形式
为don’t have to,意义是“不必”。
※ must只有一种形式,没有人称、数以及时态的变化。have to 有人称、数以及时态的变化。
※ 表示“不必”时,还可以用needn’t。
22. join  ,  take part in
  ※ join 一般指“加入”某个组织、团体或者某人的行列,并成为其中的一员。
※ 在正式场合也可以用join或者join in 来表示“参加”(某项活动或比赛)。
※ take part in表示“参加”活动或比赛。
23. agree to, agree about,agree on, agree with
  ※ agree to“同意”,后面一般接计划、安排、建议、意见、条件等之类的名词或动词原形,
且含有愿意协助工作之意。
※ agree about = agree on,意义是“同意,就……取得一致意见”。后面一般接计划、安排、建议、
意见、条件等之类的名词时,可以和agree to互换。后面接宾语从句时,不能和agree to互换。
※ agree with“同意,与……(意见)一致”,后面一般接人。
24. get ,arrive, reach表示“到达”
  ※ get 为不及物动词,后接地点名词时,必须先加介词to.
※ arrive也是不及物动词,后接地点名词时,必须先加介词in(大地方)或者at(小地方)。
※ reach既是及物动词,也是不及物动词。
25. forget to do sth. ,forget doing sth.
※ forget to do sth.“忘记要去做某事”,即该事情本来要做,但是忘记了而没有去做。
※ forget doing sth.“忘记做了某事”,即该事情已经做了,但是忘记了,以为没有做。
 
 

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